Tianjin - the 4th most populated city in China
Tianjin is a metropolitan port city in
northern China. Tianjin is the
fourth largest in China in population, after Shanghai, Beijing, and
Guangzhou. It is only 30
minutes away from Beijing by the high speed train.
Tianjin, referred to as "Jin" for
short, is one of the four
municipalities directly under the Central Government of China. Not only
is it an international harbor and economic center in the north of
China,but it is also well-known for its profound historical and
It took a long time for the city to come into being. In ancient times,
sea water receded from what is Tianjin now. For three times, the Yellow
River, with the highest content of sand in the world, flowed through
this place into the sea, thus forming Tianjin Plain. Even today, a few
seashell dikes of ancient times can still be found in such places as
Shanggulin in Tianjin.According to research findings, these dikes are
the remains ofthe ancient coastal lines.
The name of "Tianjin", meaning "a port for the emperor", was first
adopted in the first year of Yongle Reign in Ming Dynasty. In the
second year of Yongle Reign (1404), Tianjin became a walled garrison.
In 1860 Tianjin was opened as a trading port. In the 1930s, Tianjin
became the largest industrial and commercial cityand financial center
in the north of China.
After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Tianjin became a
municipality directly under the central government. In1978, with the
adoption of the policy to reform and open up tothe outside world,
Tianjin became one of the first coastal cities in China to open up.
In the Outline of the 11th Five-Year Plan for the Development of
National Economy and Society in the People's Republic of China,which
was approved of in 2006, it is pointed out that the development and
opening of Tianjin Binhai New Area is part ofthe overall national
development strategy of China. In the future,efforts will be made to
build Tianjin into an international harbor city, economic center in the
north of China, and an ecological city. This positioning of the city
provides Tianjin with a broadstage for Tianjin to seek further
Located at latitude 38°34'N-40°15'N and longitude
116°43'E-118°04'E,Tianjin lies in the northeast of the North
China Plain, west of the Pacific Ocean, at the lower reaches of Haihe
River valley, with Bohai Sea on its eastand Yanshan Mountain on its
north.It is only 137 kilometers southeastof Beijing, the capital of
China.Tianjin belongs to the 8th eastern international time zone.